Hacham Avraham Arussi

5638 - 17 Adar 5695      

1 8 7 8 - 1 9 3 4      

Hacham Avraham Arussi

A Short Tribute

Hacham Mori Avraham Arussi, son of Hacham Moshe, was born in 1878 in Yemen. He began learning Torah with Hacham Mori Yihya Hamdi. He became a shochet and bodeq and taught children in his town. He was also appointed by the Tsana'a Rabbinic Court to supervise shochatim and to train Torah scholars as shochatim and as Halakhic adjudicators. His work as a supervisor of religious affairs entailed frequent travel throughout Yemen and, standing fast, he would reprimand any injustice he encountered. He recorded his travels and collected the stories he heard from Yemen's sages in his book, Koreh HaDorot.

In 1922, Hacham Mori Avraham Arussi moved to the Land of Israel, settling in Tel Aviv. Noting that the Torah and its commandments were not being observed, he set out traveling throughout the country to encourage people to observe the commandments.

Hacham Mori Avraham Arussi passed away on 17 Adar, 5695 (1934) and was buried in Petach Tikva.

Hacham Mori Avraham Arussi wrote many original Torah commentaries, much of which remains in manuscript form. His published books include Koreh HaDorot, Yoreh Hata'im, Ohel Mo'ed and Or LaYesharim – a commentary on Ethics of Our Fathers.

A few quotes from the Rabbi on 'Israel and the Nations' in which he teaches about Abraham's descendants' attribute of compassion for all creatures

"May your home be open wide" to provide food and drink, to meet the wants of all needy people and appease the hungry of all origins. This is the attribute of our father Abraham, may he rest in peace, who sustained all passersby, circumcised or not, as is written, "and he planted a tamarisk at Beer-Sheba", interpreted by our Sages, of blessed memory, to mean: food, drink and lodging. Our father Abraham, may he rest in peace, excelled in the virtue of charity and the virtue of compassion, taking pity on all creatures, and the Holy One, blessed be He, promised that this attribute would not abandon his descendants, as is written: "…that he may instruct his children and his posterity to keep the way of the LORD by doing what is just and right".

Or LaYesharim, in Ner Yair, p. 26, Midan Publishing, Bnei Brak, 1996