A Short Tribute
Hacham Eliyahu Yitzhak Hazan was born in Baghdad. In 1906 he began to officiate as rabbi of Hong Kong's Bavli [Iraqui) community. In 1920, he moved to Shanghai to officiate as rabbi of its Bavli community. In 1930 he had the privilege of immigrating to Israel, and settled in Jerusalem.
Hacham Eliyahu Yitzhak Hazan passed away on 1 Nissan, 5698 (1938) and was buried on the Mount of Olives.
His known writings have been published in Yad Eliyahu, a series of books of Responsa that also include piyutim and excerpts from the Zohar from Maimonides' introduction to the Mishna.
Because they have been remorseful, and distanced themselves from transgression, and completely repented their reward shall be great - in this world and in the next. For it is known that penitents who, in their senselessness, had acted sinfully, detach the last letter Aleph of the Name by sinning. When they do atone, have the merit of returning the last Aleph in the blessed Name of glory and awe. Their value therefore increases and their penance is accepted above.
This is what is said in the verse "he shall repay the principal amount and add a fifth part to it" referring to "wherein he was remiss about sacred things". Meaning to say, if one has sinned with some transgression and separated the letter Aleph from the Name blessed be, 'he shall repay the principal amount" – he should do penance, and will have the privilege of restoring the letter Aleph to that honored and sacred Name.
One reason, attributed to Rabbeinu Tam, of blessed memory, that concerning the reading of these sections we say, 'Once the Torah scroll has been opened, it is forbidden to recount even a Halachic matter', follows what has been said: 'And when it was opened the entire nation stood'. Following the Torah Reading they are permitted to talk…
So despite what Maran Beit Yosef, of blessed memory, wrote in the name of our Rabbi Yerucham, of blessed memory, who wrote that it is forbidden to speak during the Haftarah reading of the Prophets before its conclusion, just as in the case of the Torah Scroll, since fulfilling the commandment depends not only on the reader but on all those present… it appears seems that generally speaking it is considered to be forbidden, but from the purely Halachic point of view it is permitted. Which is not the case for the Torah scroll, where even a Torah matter is forbidden. And this is simple.
The verse repeats a second and third times so as to instruct us in strengthening our faith in God. Should a person be in distress, may this not occur, and request God's mercy yet remain unanswered, he should not be weak of heart and avoid requesting mercy again, but should return, a second and third time, and ask for God's mercy, and place his faith in God above…
This verse also teaches about the redemption, may it arrive speedily in our day amen, that even after the exile's length we will at long last be remembered before Him, blessed be He, who will hasten the redemption in our day amen, as He promised us in our holy Torah: "then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes and take you back in love ", and several powerful promises by his servants, the prophets. Our faith in G-d, blessed be He, remains strong, and He will fulfill his promise and redeem us to eternal redemption speedily in our days, amen.
Know that a youth of thirteen and a day, even if the last day is a Sabbath and he has not yet worn phylacteries, is considered a grown man, and may be called to the Torah Reading, read the Torah and pray as shaliach tzibbur. This will not be asked of him before he wears phylacteries, has come of age, and has two hairs and is considered an adult for all matters.
It is shown by the words of the Shulchan Aruch that the obligation in synagogues is not olive oil in particular, since he wrote: It is the custom to light lamps to honor them. End quote. He did not write that there is an obligation to enhance the mitzvah by using olive oil. Concerning the Sabbath light he did write about enhancing the mitzvah [by using] olive oil.
Therefore, if it is difficult for them to light with olive oil and their intent is to honor the synagogue by illuminating it well with electricity, one should not protest if they act thus. And God, blessed be He, will illuminate our eyes with His Torah, amen.