Hacham Shlomo Mazouz, son of Hacham Menachem Mazouz, was born in 1908 on the island of Djerba. He officiated as a rabbi and dayan in Djerba. Between 1935 and 1936 he published the Mekatziel journal on original commentary on Halakha and Talmud. He immigrated to Israel in 1956 and settled in Netivot. Once in Israel, he refused to work as a rabbi and made a living running a sewing supplies shop, thus earning the respect of Netivot's residents.
Hacham Shlomo Mazouz had nine children, among whom were Rabbi Yehezkel Mazouz - a rabbi in Netivot, Manny Mazouz – a Supreme Court judge, Yemima Mazouz – legal counsel to the Ministry of Finance and Shula Ben-Zvi – Director of the Israel Land Authority.
His son, Manny Mazouz, testifies that his father was a cultured person with a liberal and tolerant attitude, who held that people are each responsible for their actions and that all people, including his own children, have the right to choose their own direction and shape their own worldview in keeping with their understanding.
Hacham Shlomo Mazouz passed away on 25 Tevet, 5742 (1982).
Hacham Shlomo Mazouz authored many books, including Kerem Shalom – Halakhot governing interest, Hesheq Shlomo, in two parts – original commentary on the Talmud, Sho'el U'Meshiv – Responsa in four parts corresponding to the four parts of the Shulchan Aruch, and Kiseh Shlomo – a book of Responsa and original commentary on the Shulchan Aruch.